Some of the major problems of carbonate petrology concern the physical and biological conditions of the environments in which carbonate material has been deposited, including water depth, temperature, degree of illumination by sunlightmotion by waves and currents, and the salinity and other chemical aspects of the water in which deposition occurred.
You will be required to hand in your notebook at the end of the semester. For example, the petroleum industry, which collectively is the largest employer of economic geologists, attracts individuals with specialties in stratigraphysedimentary petrology, structural geologypaleontologyand geophysics.
Students will study and learn the role weathering and sediments play in the global climate system, as well as how energy and other resources come from sedimentary rocks.
This starts with understanding sediment composition and how this can be used to infer source area characteristics. These include geologists whose main interests lie in diverse fields of the geologic sciences.
Load Next Page. The practice of economic geology provides employment for a large number of geologists.
Attendance: Attendance is required. The petrologist can combine the mineral chemistry with data from experimental studies and thermodynamics to calculate the pressures and temperatures at which the rocks recrystallized.
Instruments and methods used by sedimentary petrologists include the petrographic microscope for description and classification, X-ray mineralogy for defining fabrics and small-scale structures, physical model flume experiments for studying the effects of flow as an agent of transport and the development of sedimentary structures, and mass spectrometry for calculating stable isotopes and the temperatures of deposition, cementation, and diagenesis.