Making citations in a research paper
A similar study was done of students learning to format research papers "Using APA," Every quote or piece of outside information included in the paper should be referenced and have an entry.
However, if an older study only relates to the research problem tangentially or it has not been cited in recent studies, then it may be more appropriate to list it under further readings. Citing an Author or Authors Two Authors: Name both authors in the signal phrase or in the parentheses each time you cite the work. Kernis et al. You might want to also check out his guide on parenthetical citing. Use the lower-case letters with the year in the in-text citation. Including references in academic writing not only defends you against allegations of plagiarism, but it is one of the most important ways to demonstrate your knowledge and understanding of previous investigations about the research problem. A book reference is structured one way, an APA journal is structured a different way, a newspaper article is another way. Referencing all relevant authors of prior studies gives your readers a clear idea of the breadth of analysis you conducted in preparing to study the research problem. Properly citing the works of others is important because: Proper citation allows readers to locate the materials you used. Scroll down and take a peek at our APA format essay example towards the bottom of this page. Six or More Authors: Use the first author's name followed by et al.
For this class, we will be using the documentation style of the American Psychological Association APA, modified with italics substituted for underlining. Titles of books and reports are italicized or underlined; titles of articles and chapters are in quotation marks.
Reference the revised chart, such as, [adapted from Smith, ], then cite the complete source in your list of references. List the secondary source in your reference list and include the secondary source in the parentheses.
Citing the availability of an electronic document should give the reader enough information to know where to locate the file and, if necessary, the specific portion of the file cited.
Unfortunately, this style is quite different. Journals, Magazines, and Newspapers The following apply to citing the name and identifying information for journals, magazines, newspapers, and periodicals in general.
You can acknowledge the other research by writing in the text of your paper something like this: [see also Smith, ], then citing the complete source in your list of references.
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