Disciple and punish review

Foucault wants the reader to consider what led to these changes and how Western attitudes shifted so radically. The sovereign was not concerned with demonstrating the ground for the enforcement of its laws, but of identifying enemies and attacking them, the power of which was renewed by the ritual of investigation and the ceremony of public torture.

I, on the other hand, challenge the reader to judge success based on the answers to these two questions: first, could Foucault have written Discipline without genealogy?

But also in our obsession with tests in schools and performance reviews at work. Crime and rebellion are akin to a declaration of war.

discipline and punish summary pdf

The cells on the circumference of the circular building all have two windows — one facing into the centre of the building and the other on the opposite wall looking out. But, to construct docile bodies the disciplinary institutions must be able to a constantly observe and record the bodies they control and b ensure the internalization of the disciplinary individuality within the bodies being controlled.

The body of the condemned

What does it mean to punish the soul? He defines a "micro-physics" of power, which is constituted by a power that is strategic and tactical rather than acquired, preserved or possessed. Out of this movement towards generalized punishment, a thousand "mini-theatres" of punishment would have been created wherein the convicts' bodies would have been put on display in a more ubiquitous, controlled, and effective spectacle. Prison is one part of a vast network, including schools, military institutions, hospitals, and factories, which build a panoptic society for its members. Public torture and execution was a method the sovereign deployed to express his or her power, and it did so through the ritual of investigation and the ceremony of execution—the reality and horror of which was supposed to express the omnipotence of the sovereign but actually revealed that the sovereign's power depended on the participation of the people. The secret to right moral action, then, is more than just the relationship between knowledge and power — but also of proper surveillance. Previously, in The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences and The Archaeology of Knowledge: And the Discourse on Language, Foucault laid out archaeology, a method of analysis aimed at deciphering the discourses that structure discursive formations for a given episteme, or period of knowledge. Frustration for the inefficiency of this economy of power could be directed towards and coalesce around the site of torture and execution.

Summary[ edit ] The main ideas of Discipline and Punish can be grouped according to its four parts: torture, punishment, discipline, and prison.

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DISCIPLINE AND PUNISH: The Birth of the Prison by Michel Foucault