Openly discussing and learning from differences made it possible for the groups to create psychological safety, she suggested, adding, "The integration and learning perspective is a way of managing the fact of racial discrimination in the larger culture.
Given the political climate in our nation, it is a critical time to be studying policies and practices that promote tolerance for youth who differ from one another along multiple social identities, including ethnicity. In the following section we consider the evidence—old and new—within the K—12 research literature that we argue can be more tightly connected to and inspired by the important higher education work on diversity and learning.
Why Does School Diversity Matter?
For whites and Hispanics, views about the racial mix in their community are strikingly consistent regardless of how diverse the community is. At the same time, companies should communicate realistic expectations to members of minority groups regarding the new policies to ensure they understand the goal and scope of the initiative.
When white students are in racially homogeneous groups, no such cognitive stimulation occurs. This shifts discourse from an emphasis on what students know to an additional focus on whether they know how to think and, more importantly, whether they are acquiring the skills needed to live and work in the twenty-first century.
According to seminal research by psychologist Gordon Allport dating back to the s, four conditions are necessary to turn school diversity into equity: equal group status, common goals, intergroup cooperation and institutional support.
On an interpersonal level, quality interactions and friendships between different racial and ethnic groups matter.